Contrary to popular belief, police officers have no inherent skill and little training in detecting levels of intoxication. In fact, they are psychologically predisposed in a drunk driving investigation to “see” what they expect to see, disregarding any alternative explanations.
Let’s take a look at one of those possibilities…..As everyone knows, diabetics commonly experience hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels). And what are the symptoms? Slow and slurred speech, poor balance, impaired motor control, staggering, drowsiness, flushed face, disorientation — in other words, the classic symptoms of alcohol intoxication. The diabetic will look and act like a drunk driver to the officer, and will certainly fail any DUI “field sobriety tests”. As one expert has observed:
Hypoglycemia (abnormally low levels of blood glucose) is frequently seen in connection with driving error on this nation’s roads and highways…Even more frequent are unjustified DUIs or DWIs, stemming from hypoglycemic symptoms that can closely mimic those of a drunk driver. “Hypoglycemia: Driving Under the Influence”, 8(1)Medical and Toxicological Information Review Sept. 2003.
But, of course, a breathalyzer will clear him, right?
Wrong. Ignoring for the moment the inherent inaccuracy and unreliability of these machines, most suffer from a little-known design defect: they do not actually measure alcohol! Rather, they use infrared beams of light which are absorbed by any chemical compound (including ethyl alcohol) in the breath which contains the “methyl group” in its molecular structure; the more absorption, the higher the blood-alcohol reading. The machine is programmed to assume that the compound is “probably” alcohol.
Unfortunately, thousands of compounds containing the methyl group can register as alcohol. One of these is acetone. And a well-documented by-product of hypoglycemia is the production of acetones in the breath. In other words, the Breathalyzer will read significant levels of alcohol on a diabetic’s breath where there may be little or none. See, for example, Brick, “Diabetes, Breath Acetone and Breathalyzer Accuracy: A Case Study”, 9(1) Alcohol, Drugs and Driving (1993).
But this rarely happens, right?
Fact: roughly one in seven sober drivers on the road suffers from diabetes.
A former Marine, U.C. Berkeley and UCLA Law School graduate, L.A. Deputy D.A. and Fulbright Professor of Law, Lawrence Taylor is the author of over 30 articles and 12 books, including the standard textbook on DUI litigation, “Drunk Driving Defense”, 7th edition (co-authored with Steven Oberman) and “California Drunk Driving Defense”, 4th edition. Over the past 34 years he has proven a popular lecturer on trial tactics and techniques at over 200 legal seminars in 41 states. He was one of the original 10 founders of the National College for DUI Defense, later serving as its Dean. On July 25, 2002, at Harvard Law School, Mr. Taylor was presented with the College’s “Lifetime Achievement Award”.
Mr. Taylor currently limits the practice of his 5-attorney Los Angeles DUI law firm to drunk driving defense exclusively. He may be contacted at 888-777-3449, or his website may be viewed at www.duicentral.com. His firm maintains an extensive DUI resource website at The Drunk Driving Law Center, and his popular www.DUIblog.com continues to be one of the most-visited DUI sites on the internet since 2004.