Sunday , September 25 2022
Home / Ohio DUI News / Private Company Developing Test for Marijuana Intoxication

Private Company Developing Test for Marijuana Intoxication

With the legalization of marijuana use, both medicinal and recreational, law enforcement is concerned about the increased number of drivers impaired by THC.  Tests currently used by law enforcement measure THC levels in a driver’s bodily fluids.  However, it can be difficult for law enforcement to identify a driver who is impaired by THC, as THC levels do not closely correlate with THC impairment.  A private company is developing a test to determine whether a driver’s brain functions are impaired by THC.

THC and Driving Ability
THC impairs driving ability by decreasing attention, working memory, psychomotor functioning, and divided attention.  A survey by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) found that, of drivers who tested positive for drugs, THC was the most frequently used drug.  A later study by NHTSA concluded that driving under the influence of drugs, including THC, is causing a noticeable increase in the numbers of crashes and fatalities.

Current Testing of THC Levels
Current testing methods used by law enforcement measure THC in a driver’s bodily fluids.  Most of those tests are conducted in a crime laboratory on samples of blood and urine.  Some newer tests are conducted at the roadside on samples of oral fluid.

The THC level in a bodily fluid does not indicate the driver was under the influence of THC at the time of operating the vehicle.  First, there is no agreed-upon THC level which impairs driving.  Second, THC is detectable in bodily fluids long after the high from THC has ended.  While a THC high may last for a couple hours, THC is detectable in blood for over six hours, in oral fluid for up to 78 hours, and in urine for up to five weeks.  The federal government acknowledges this in its article, ‘Field Sobriety Tests and THC Levels Unreliable Indicators of Marijuana Intoxication.  Given the lack of correlation between THC levels and driving impairment, it is challenging for law enforcement to determine whether a person is impaired by THC at the time of driving.

The Future of Testing for THC Impairment
A private company aims to solve this problem.  The company, Cognivue, developed a test to measure memory, visuospatial functions, and executive function, as well as reaction time and speed processing.  The test is taken on a computer-based device and takes about five minutes.  It is unlikely the test would be used to assist officers in deciding whether to arrest a driver.  Instead, the test would be taken at a police station after the driver is arrested.

Cognivue has completed real-life evaluations with 130 subjects under the influence of THC.  According to Spectrum News 1, the company later conducted clinical trials in Colorado.  If the clinical trials are successful, we can expect to see the company market its THC impairment test to law enforcement agencies nationwide.

 

About the Author:  Shawn Dominy is a leading DUI lawyer in Ohio and the founder of the Dominy Law Firm in Columbus, Ohio.  He can be reached through his law firm’s website:  Dominy Law Firm.

About Shawn Dominy

Shawn Dominy
Shawn Dominy is a DUI/OVI lawyer in Columbus, Ohio. He is the former President of the Ohio Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, the state delegate to the National College for DUI Defense and a long-time member of the National Association for Criminal Defense Lawyers. Shawn Dominy authored the books 'Ohio DUI/OVI Guide', 'Ohio Vehicular Homicide Guide', and 'Ohio Vehicular Assault Guide' (Rivers Edge Publishing) and wrote a chapter in the book 'Defending Vehicular Homicide Cases' (Aspatore Publishing, 2012). He has several other published articles, and he speaks regularly at seminars teaching other lawyers about DUI/OVI. Shawn was named by SuperLawyers® as one of the top 50 lawyers in Columbus, Ohio, and he is listed as one of the 'Best Lawyers in America'® for DUI Defense. Shawn is a lifelong resident of central Ohio: he graduated from Olentangy High School and earned his bachelor’s degree and juris doctor from The Ohio State University. His office is in Columbus, and he lives in Powell with his wife and daughter. He serves with local community organizations, volunteers regularly at his church, and plays regularly with his German Shepherd. For more information, Shawn’s website is www.dominylaw.com, his blog is www.columbusoviattorneyblog.com,

If you would like to contact the author, please visit: https://www.dominylaw.com/


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*